Listen to Coronavirus Patient Zero
Statistics published by the U. S. Department of Commerce (1980) indicate that in 1977 we spent 8. 1% of our gross national product (GNP) on life, health, property-casualty, and other forms of insurance. An additional 5. 7% was used to pay the Social Security tax, which is another form of insurance premium, for a total of 14. 8% of the GNP. Although insurance had its historical origin in marine insurance, it has now developed into one of the major industries of the American economy and extends into many areas of economic activity. One area where growth has been particularly strong is the medical sector. Health insurance is a major institution in all industrialized countries. It became a government responsibility in 1883 when Bismarck intro- duced a compulsory program of health insurance for industrial workers in Germany. Programs for workers in various industrial and income categories soon followed in other European countries-Austria (1888), Hungary (1891), Norway (1909), Servia (1910), Great Britain (1911), and Russia and Romania (1912) (Rubinow, 1913:250). Programs in these countries were extended in subsequent years, and other countries in Europe followed with their own programs. Consequently, today most industrial countries have universal or near-universal health insurance coverage. In the United States the issue of national health insurance has been seriously debated since just prior to World War I, and polling data since the 1930s show that a substantial majority of the public has been supportive of such a program (Erskine, 1975).
This money-saving package includes the 4th edition of Health Insurance Today?Textbook and Workbook.
Understanding Health Insurance: A Guide to Billing and Reimbursement, 8th Edition is a comprehensive source for teaching the subject of health insurance and reimbursement. The book contains chapters on introductory information on the health insurance field, managed health care, legal and regulatory issues, coding systems, reimbursement methodologies, coding for medical necessity, and common health insurance plans. Each chapter contains exercises to illustrate content and reinforce learning. Numerous opportunities are provided throughout the book for manual completion of CMS-1500 claims. A CD-ROM at the back of the book allows for electronic data entry of CMS-1500 claim form information. End of chapter review questions in objective format (e.g., multiple choice) test learners on their understanding of book content. Appendices I and II provide case studies that are also included on the Student Practice CD-ROM. Additional appendices provide instruction in dental claims processing and completion of the UB-92 (claim used for inpatient and outpatient hospital claims). The accompanying workbook provides application based assignments for each chapter, additional content review (multiple choice questions), and additional case studies for practice in completing CMS-1500 claims. This edition of the book contains the most up to date information regarding health insurance claims processing and coding and reimbursement issues.
An excerpt from the beginning of CHAPTER I.
We seem to be living at a time when insurance is strained to the breaking point. From hurricanes and earthquakes to terrorist attacks and threats of nuclear devastation, enormous risks to life and property; and accompanying liabilities; proliferate on an unprecedented scale. Insurer insolvency is not yet common, but it is not unusual either. And at the root of such failures often lies the compound failure of uncollectable reinsurance. This important book proposes that a significant part of the emerging insurance crisis results from inadequate regulation of reinsurance.
In a detailed and cogent analysis of what an effective regulatory regime for reinsurance must entail, the author examines such factors as the following:
The author's concluding chapter presents an essential legal infrastructure that allows for efficiency, security, and individual market characteristics. Professor Wang then applies this framework to the Taiwanese insurance market, demonstrating convincingly how his proposed regime can solve specific problems while respecting Taiwan's distinct market environment. As a meticulously considered appraisal of, and solution to, a world problem that is growing quickly and uncontrollably, Reinsurance Regulation will be of immense value to lawyers, professors, academics, and officials who deal with any facet of economic law.