The social security systems that, perhaps more than any other governmental programs, have characterized the development of industrial societies are under siege. On the threshold of the twenty-first century, the future of social insurance is uncertain; it may even be seriously threatened.
In this important book, nine leading scholars probe deeply into the nature of social rights, trying to read the near future and locate the most meaningful and effective role that social insurance can play as today's new socioeconomic patterns develop.
In-depth chapters analyse existing systems and recent and ongoing reforms in seven countries--Germany, the United Kingdom, Sweden, the United States, Japan, Taiwan, and China. There is also a chapter on the European Union's work toward a harmonised scheme to match other programs of integration, and a chapter on the all-important interpenetration of social insurance and human rights. The authors clearly demonstrate that the unprecedented challenges faced by social insurance today arise not only from changes in the patterns of society, but also from lack of confidence and ideological prejudice on the part of both academia and public policy.
As a major analysis of why and how a great milestone in human progress is faltering under contemporary pressures, this book is of enormous value. It deserves to be read and absorbed by all professionals in the field who want to use their knowledge and skill to ensure a future in which every man, woman, and child is provided with opportunity to live as full a life as possible.
Since the end of the eighteenth century, the insurance industry has cast a safety net around the world, first in the British Isles and then further afield, irrespective of cultural, political and ideological divides. Unlike previous publications on insurance history, which tend to discuss the development of national markets or individual companies, this book focuses on the creation of networks across borders from the end of the eighteenth century to the present day.
Statistics published by the U. S. Department of Commerce (1980) indicate that in 1977 we spent 8. 1% of our gross national product (GNP) on life, health, property-casualty, and other forms of insurance. An additional 5. 7% was used to pay the Social Security tax, which is another form of insurance premium, for a total of 14. 8% of the GNP. Although insurance had its historical origin in marine insurance, it has now developed into one of the major industries of the American economy and extends into many areas of economic activity. One area where growth has been particularly strong is the medical sector. Health insurance is a major institution in all industrialized countries. It became a government responsibility in 1883 when Bismarck intro- duced a compulsory program of health insurance for industrial workers in Germany. Programs for workers in various industrial and income categories soon followed in other European countries-Austria (1888), Hungary (1891), Norway (1909), Servia (1910), Great Britain (1911), and Russia and Romania (1912) (Rubinow, 1913:250). Programs in these countries were extended in subsequent years, and other countries in Europe followed with their own programs. Consequently, today most industrial countries have universal or near-universal health insurance coverage. In the United States the issue of national health insurance has been seriously debated since just prior to World War I, and polling data since the 1930s show that a substantial majority of the public has been supportive of such a program (Erskine, 1975).
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Pocket Principles for the Insurance Business provides daily motivation for those in the insurance industry who wish to embrace adversity in order to reach success. As a seasoned life insurance salesman who has qualified for the million dollar roundtable every year he's been in the business, B.A. Newman truly understands the ups and downs of a business that has a retention rate of just 12 percent, and he provides the tools necessary to face rejection and rely on it as a positive influence when success seems unattainable. His inspirational snippets include relational and easily applied advice such as: work for the best companies, listen to your clients, love what you do, and don't sacrifice your reputation to make a sale. In a profession that can sometimes seem more like a roller coaster ride than smooth sailing, these motivational quotes will help inspire anyone to do great things ... every day. "Ben's Principles help our producers keep striving for goal achievement even on their toughest days." -Michael T. Fleming, CLU, ChFC General Manager & Financial Advisor, Mass Financial Group, Inc. "Pockets principles will have an impact on my first Million Dollar Roundtable qualification ..." Mark E. Kull, Financial Representative Northwestern Mutual Financial Network, Louisville, Kentucky AUTHOR BIO Benjamin Newman is a life insurance salesman who is a several-time qualifier for the million dollar roundtable. He is Founder of Continued Fight, LLC, a company that helps organizations overcome challenges and seek positive outcomes. Benjamin and his wife Ami live in St. Louis, Missouri, with their son J. Isaac.